看似简单,实则不易:如何写好专利?专利电子申请率居全国第三!2019年,云南知识产权工作很给力(图1)

这是大岭为您分享IP英文的第116天:IPWatchdog是美国一个知名的IP博客,博主Gene Quinn擅长通俗易懂地讲解专利法,此前我们分享过他关于美国专利申请审查程序的简单介绍。一文读懂美国专利申请程序 | 每日IP英文036今天我们再分享一篇他的有关专利撰写入门的文章。

专利撰写看似简单,实则不易,有经验的人很容易就可以分辨出什么是写的好的专利,什么是写的烂的专利,但如果要总结一下,如何写出好的专利,却不是一件容易的事情。Gene在文中作了三个类比,非常准确的概括出该如何写好专利,堪称经典:

一定要充分的描述发明,就像孩子在描述学校里发生的事情一样,他们并不知道大人们不知道什么,所以事无巨细的介绍很多细节,同时,要重点描述那些创新之处,因为,那才是能获得专利的关键。



在第20个世界知识产权日即将到来之际,根据2020年全国知识产权宣传周活动组委会的统一部署,云南决定与全国同步,于2020年4月20日至26日,在全省范围内开展主题为“知识产权与健康中国”的知识产权宣传周活动。

4月20日上午,省政府***办、省市场监督管理局、省知识产权局在昆明海埂会堂共同举行“2020年云南省知识产权宣传周活动启动暨***发布会”,并向***媒体通报2019年全省知识产权工作成效。

看似简单,实则不易:如何写好专利?专利电子申请率居全国第三!2019年,云南知识产权工作很给力(图2)

像写烧烤炉安装手册一样写专利的说明书,告诉读者如何一步一步实现发明,但是,不需要像工程图纸那样细致的介绍发明,因为,那将使发明的内容过于狭窄。

说明书附图是介绍发明最好的方式,就像附图对安装手册至关重要一样,一定要包括足够多的附图,写的好的专利,附图一定不会少。

大岭给出的关于提高撰写水平的建议是:多看看这个领域最好的公司的专利,看的多了,自然会写。

2019年全省知识产权工作成效如何?
2020年云南将如何加强版权保护?
一起来看
↓↓↓

2019年云南每万人拥有发明专利2.85件

今年IPWatchdog博客就19周岁了,让我们遥祝他生日快乐,也祝愿包括大岭在内的国内同行,能够做好专业的事情,并一直坚持下去。

原文如下:

Patent Drafting Basics: Instruction Manual Detail is What You Seek

Drafting a patent application is not as easy as many think. Indeed, drafting a patent application is quite difficult. Once you have obtained years of patent experience it is easy enough to look at patent applications from various technical fields of endeavor and understand why patent practitioners are making the choices they make when drafting an application, and it is also easy to identify high quality, well-written patent applications. But when you are new to the field, whether it be because you are an inexperienced practitioner or because you are an inventor, patent drafting basics do not seem all that basic.

2019年,云南全省各有关部门综合运用各项知识产权制度和政策措施,促进创新,知识产权拥有量稳步增长。

While drafting a patent application is difficult, it is obviously not impossible. With some coaching, guidance and perseverance virtually anyone can learn how to do it. The problem, however, is the same as with any form of writing. Staring at a blank screen is only a recipe for further staring at a blank screen. The cycle of staring at a blank screen (or page) must be broken or it can and will become debilitating.

专利申请3.52万件,其中发明专利申请9024件;专利授权2.23万件,其中发明专利授权2174件;每万人口发明专利拥有量2.85件,同比增长12.2%。

Patent Drafting Basics

商标申请11.63万件,注册9.19万件;共有有效注册商标36.01万件,同比增长29.87%。

新增地理标志商标10件,申报地理标志保护产品10个。

A patent application needs to describe an invention completely, and if you really are entitled to a patent then at least some aspect of your invention is new and non-obvious, which means that heretofore it hasn’t existed. Describing something new that has not previously existed is more of a challenge than most people realize.

办理作品登记1160件,同比上升260%,首次突破千件。

Many times those new to the industry fail to adequately describe inventions because the invention is obvious to them, and they think it will be equally obvious to others. The law, however, requires that a patent application explain the invention to someone who is not already familiar with the invention. Yes, the goal is to explain the invention to a knowledgeable individual who knows something about the technical area pertaining to the invention, but if you really have an invention there must be something new, so at least that which is new won’t be understood or appreciated until it is described.

One of the best ways to accomplish the goal of completely describing an invention is to explain the invention like a child explains things when doing a show and tell at school. Children explain everything in excruciating detail, no matter how obvious. Kids do this when they describe things because they have no idea what the person listening knows, and to them it is new and interesting so they explain everything with tremendous detail (whether you want to hear it or not). That is exactly what you need to do in the application. Explain your invention with so much detail that you will bore the knowledgeable reader to death.

注册登记园艺植物新品种51个,新增植物新品种权6件、省级林木良种11个,认定林木良种45个。截至2019年,拥有农产品地理标志产品82个,共申请植物新品种权1104件,居全国第12位,授权516件,居全国第11位。

The caveat, however, is you absolutely must focus on what is unique. Spending all your time discussing those features, elements, characteristics and attributes that are already known and can be found in the prior art will just make your patent application needlessly long. You will need to describe those known things to the extent necessary to explain the what, where and why of what is unique, but too often those new to drafting patent applications focus exclusively, or nearly exclusively, on things that simply will not contribute to patentability. Uniqueness contributes to patentability, not a better or more complete description of the prior art.



2019年云南查处专利案件116件

收缴非法出版和侵权盗版出版物10.45万件

2019年,全省各有关部门不断完善执法工作机制,结合职能职责,加强配合协作,组织开展知识产权执法“铁拳行动”“龙腾行动”“剑网行动”等知识产权保护专项行动,积极发挥综合执法和专业监管优势,严厉打击知识产权侵权假冒违法行为。

加强专利商标地标行政执法

But how do you explain the uniqueness of the invention? The best advice anyone can give you is to define everything that works so that those with knowledge in the technical area pertaining to the invention will understand both the boundaries of the invention (i.e., what has actually been invented) and how to make and use the invention. Doing this with instruction manual level detail is what you need to aim for.

Instruction Manual Detail

全省查处专利案件116件,商标案件840件,案值共718.7万元。

Most have at one time or another likely put something together. Several of my personal experiences relate to putting together a BBQ grill and a lawn mower. If you have ever had this experience you likely became quite frustrated, and likely also had a bunch of extra parts leftover, which doesn’t make you feel too secure when you are dealing with a rotating blade of a law mower or a BBQ grill connected to a propane tank! The last time I put together a BBQ grill there were multiple require steps that could only be performed after having undone one or more of the previous steps. Frustrating! Not a very good description.

In some important ways a patent application should be akin to an instruction manual, but unlike the aforementioned BBQ grill, the reader of relevant skill in the area is the one that should be able to follow along. Having said this, there is an important caveat! A patent is not a blueprint. You do not need measurements or engineering drawings. In fact, including measurements and the detail often found in engineering drawings can be a terrible mistake.

Many will mistakenly believe that engineering drawings are the best drawings because they will be required to actually build the invention. The problem with engineering drawings is not using them, but rather when they alone are used. If engineering drawings are the only drawings used in a patent application the invention will unnecessarily be limited to the narrow versions detailed — the precise measurements. Patent drawings are more general and show the invention and its parts holistically, without measurements. If someone copies the invention but changes the proportions slightly you want any issued patent to capture that as infringing. If you only used engineering drawings there is a very good chance that your description will be so limited that you will be unable to capture even minor changes as infringing.

开展地理标志保护专项整治,共出动执法人员3702人次,检查大型超市和批发市场1972个,核查商品品种近万类。

组织知识产权执法人员进驻第二届南亚东南亚国家商品展暨投资贸易洽谈会,共检查展位1000多个、商品3000余件。

加强版权行政执法

The goal is to describe the invention in a way that specifically describes it so that the reader will understand all the various permutations and that you are indeed in possession of all variations. In other words, you need to provide an instruction manual for making and using the invention, paying particular attention to describing modifications, specific embodiments and alternatives. Having said this, unless you are filing a patent application that specifically covers a manufacturing process, there is no requirement that the patent application define the manufacturing processes. So, if you invented a widget you need to describe that single widget, with explanation of the pieces and parts that make up that widget. You do not need to describe a manufacturing process or assembly-line process for making thousands of that widget.

Patent Drawings

Always remember that multiple patent drawings can be extremely helpful. Most patent applications do not have nearly enough patent illustrations. If you have engineering drawings and want to include them that is fine, but just make sure you get other, more general drawings to include as well. You can normally get patent drawings for between $50 to $100 per page, sometimes more depending upon the level of detail required and number of figures you have on a single page. For the cost, patent drawings are the best way to expand a disclosure. Not only is everything shown in the drawing a part of your disclosed invention, but each drawings should be at least summarized in a patent application, which means the more drawings the more detail, and the more drawings the more written description you will have explaining the drawings.

And have you ever seen a worthwhile instruction manual without good, high-quality drawings showing you what to do? Probably not. So, if you’ve been frustrated by the decreasing quality of instruction manuals when “some assembly is required”, you fundamentally already know exactly what you need to do when you draft a patent application. Lots of drawings, lots of descriptive text that focuses on the key elements of the invention — that’s what makes a great patent application.

全省各级文化市场综合行政执法机构共检查经营单位5075家次,立案调查79件,收缴非法出版和侵权盗版出版物10.45万件,清理有害信息1368条,取缔摊点26个,罚款28.05万元。

深入推进全省党政机关软件正版化工作取得实效,成为连续9年以集中采购方式购买国产办公软件的省份。

For more on use of drawings see Working with Patent Drawings to Create a Complete Disclosure and Patent Illustrations and Invention Drawings: What do you need?

严厉打击侵犯知识产权犯罪

全省公安机关共立案查办侵权假冒案件1101起,破获案值百万以上的大要案件39起,抓获犯罪嫌疑人1252人,逮捕419人,涉案金额4.87亿元;

Conclusion

I know how difficult it can be for those new to the industry to write a patent application because over the years I have taught many law school courses on patent application and patent claim drafting, I have worked with new patent practitioners to teach them the art of drafting patent applications and patent claims, and I have reviewed literally thousands of patent applications drafted by inventors and tried to help them understand what it is that they need to be doing. I’ve even created what we call The Invent + Patent System™, which is a step by step mentoring tool that helps inventors draft their own provisional patent applications.

Source:http://www.ipwatchdog.com/2018/10/20/patent-drafting-basics-instruction-manual-detail/id=102519/

Each article is copyrighted to their original authors. The news is for informational purposes only and does not provide legal advice.

立案查办涉烟案件1124起,查获假冒卷烟1.6亿支。

--End--

往期相关内容:

一文读懂美国专利申请程序 | 每日IP英文036

P.S. 我开设了一个专利实务知识学习平台,我会带领大家共同学习两本中文教程、三本英文教程、中国、美国和EPO的专利审查指南,以及近十年最高院发布的专利指导案例,以及美国、EPO的重要判例,共计100余件。我还会指导大家进行法律分析和写作。可以随时加入,时间为加入后的一年,按照自己的进度完成每周任务即可,目前已经有160+伙伴加入,具体情况见→:专利实务能力提升计划

全省检察机关共批捕侵犯知识产权案件40件84人,提起公诉43件85人。

加入计划,扫描下图中的二维码

看似简单,实则不易:如何写好专利?专利电子申请率居全国第三!2019年,云南知识产权工作很给力(图3)全省各级法院共受理各类知识产权民事案件4850件,知识产权刑事案件66件,知识产权行政案件3件。

加强海关知识产权保护

创新海关出口货物专利纠纷担保放行方式,提高知识产权保护效率。

昆明海关查办侵犯知识产权案件185起,查扣侵权货物314批次。查获涉嫌侵权商品8.95万件,案值265.67万元。查处假冒伪劣商品案件28起,金额6.4万元。

加强农林业植物新品种保护

组成5个检查督导组,开展全省春季种子市场检查督导。组织出动执法人员1.26万人次,检查种子交易市场2122个。指导查处种苗违法案件10余起,涉案金额27.64万元。

加强种子市场监测信息平台运行管理、农作物种子生产经营许可审查和种子检测。组织开展全省植物新品种权摸底调查,认真部署开展打击侵犯林业植物新品种权和制售假冒伪劣种苗专项整治活动。



2019年云南专利产品
销售收入达398.13亿元

2019年,云南全省各有关部门积极推动知识产权与经济社会发展的深度融合,突出知识产权价值导向,有效促进知识产权的转化运用,全省专利产品实现销售收入398.13亿元,利润40.38亿元,出口创汇3.54亿元,专利权质押金额达8.54亿元。

扎实推进知识产权强企强县工程

2019年,全年新增知识产权管理体系认证企业26家,新增国家知识产权示范企业5家、优势企业23家,省级优势企业93家。
新增国家知识产权强县工程示范1个、试点2个。新增国家知识产权试点园区2个,省级知识产权示范园区4家。
昆明市入选国家知识产权示范城市。
依托楚雄国家知识产权试点园区建立知识产权服务交易平台,依托云南农业大学成立普洱茶产业知识产权战略联盟。
20家省级知识产权优势企业3年来转化专利2301件,专利技术产品实现销售收入1226.68亿元。
50家企业获云南省专利奖,专利产品实现销售收入398.13亿元,利润40.38亿元,出口创汇3.54亿元。

实施推广重点项目


全省各有关部门实施推广重点项目,稳步推进“风险金池”+“科创贷”业务试点工作。
推广林草科技创新成果53项,建设示范基地45个,推广面积23万亩。
实施科技信息企业推广应用服务项目,企业转化新专利、新技术、新产品294项。
组织实施一批工业转型升级重点项目、智能制造试点示范项目、工业质量提升重点项目,加快知识产权成果转化运用。

积极促进知识产权与金融结合

加强与银行等金融机构合作,运用知识产权评估系统,积极为金融机构推荐优质企业,促进质押融资业务的开展,全省专利权质押金额达8.54亿元。组织实施科技金融结合专项,开展知识产权质押贷款贴息及中间费补助,带动银行等社会资本支持科技型企业资金4.66亿元,有效缓解企业融资难、融资贵问题,助力知识产权转化运用。

2019年云南专利电子申请率达98.74%

居全国第三位
2019年全省各有关部门结合职能职责和工作实际,深化“放管服”改革,突出重点,精准施策,着力优化营商环境,为知识产权工作取得实效提供了保障。

推进资源整合

统筹整合数据、平台、业务等知识产权资源,重构知识产权管理体制和运行机制,实现了专利、商标、地理标志的统一管理。

加强人才培养培训

重视人才的基础性支撑作用,积极组织开展人才培养培训工作。新认定知识产权领军人才9人,高层次人才14人,实务人才24人,截至2019年,累计认定各类知识产权人才117人。

全省各级知识产权管理部门共举办知识产权培训班56期,培训各类人员5400余人次。

加强创新和服务

大力宣传推广网上办理专利商标业务,专利电子申请率达98.74%,居全国第3位,商标全部实现网上申请。

出台《云南省发明专利资助办法》,服务专利高质量发展。搭建互联网版权登记平台,建成作品登记系统,依托版权产业园或企业设立一批版权登记服务站。

推进诉讼服务体系建设,实现“一站式”纠纷解决。研制“经侦大数据智能化实战平台”,实现知识产权犯罪线索批量挖掘、团伙智能研判、嫌疑人定位抓捕、风险企业实时检测功能。

组织建设网络化、开放式、专业化技术交易市场,汇聚全省高校、科研院所和企业科技项目信息5万余项,为供需双方提供服务。

开展国际经贸法律服务,主动为企业提供海外知识产权风险管控、涉外商标专利申请、涉外商标专用权违法行为查处等服务。首次与世界知识产权组织合作举办“马德里体系促进企业国际化研修班”,更好地服务和推动云南企业“走出去”。

搭建平台,发挥我省驻外商务代表处作用,积极支持知识产权团组出访,助推我省知识产权国际交流与合作。


2019年,云南省作品登记数量首次突破了1000件,增速明显,去年年底云南版权网建成后,云南省作品登记系统也已上线,实现了版权登记在线办理。

云南版权网作品线上登记系统自去年12月19日投入运行后,截至4月13日已成功办理作品登记1384件,超过去年全年总和。

今年
云南重点要抓这些工作